back button black v05

Standard Thermal Flux Transducer

Standard Thermal Flux Transducer

30 October 2010


The Thermal Flux Meter is a solid state, flat–plate transducer designed to measure heat flow directly. This meter is placed upon any surface through which the heat flow is to be measured. The unit will measure either heat flow to, or from the surface being tested. In many cases, the meters may also be installed internally within any barrier with no loss of accuracy.

Application Areas Include:

  • Building Heat Determination and "K" Factors
  • Medical and Physiological Heat Flow
  • Micrometeorology and Earth Heat Transfer
  • Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
  • Aeronautical and Space Technology
  • Physical Property Measurements in Laboratory


The meter is attached to the heat transfer surface by the use of a suitable adhesive, tape, or clamp. The D.C. signal generated by the meter from the heat flow is conducted to the galvanometer or readout by means of a suitable cable. Measurements of heat losses from objects such as pipes can usually be accomplished by the use of the “C”, “D”, or “E” models, together with thermally conducting paste. When the meter attains thermal equilibrium with the heat transfer surface, the generated voltage will be proportional to the heat flux. When this output voltage (in millivolts) is multiplied by a specific calibration constant, which is supplied with each meter, the resulting value will be the heat loss, /gain in terms of BTU/hr ft2, or Watts/M2.

For precise measurement of heat fluxes:

  • Solid State Transducer
  • Wide Temperature Range
  • Linear Output
  • High Accuracies
  • Sensitivities to 7 BTU/HR FT2 MV
  • No Power Supply Required


The flow of heat from, or to the surface whose heat flow rate is to be measured creates a small temperature difference between the upper and lower surfaces of the meter. These surfaces are in thermal contact with a special, miniature, high temperature thermopile which generates a direct current signal from the temperature difference. The signal is directly proportional to the heat flux through the meter. The hundreds of thermoelectric elements in each thermopile unit yield multi-millivolt signals, which may be measured by a portable potentiometer, or recorder. Because each unit is self-powered, no external source of voltage, or power supply is required. The thermal resistance introduced by the meter is normally negligible for most practical applications.


ITI Thermal Flux Meters are individually calibrated at a base temperature of 70 °F. An absolute calibration technique is used to determine the meter constant to the required accuracy. Each meter is supplied with its constant of calibration. and a temperature correction curve for use at cryogenic and elevated temperatures.


Many heat flux measurement requirements necessitate special thermal flux meter geometries. International Thermal Instrument Company specializes in custom meter manufacturing. Quotations will be sent upon receipt of specifications. Meters are normally supplied with a baked, black enamel finish for high temperature operation. Most models may also be clad with stainless steel for other special coatings. On request, all models may be supplied with a special, high absorptivity coating for radiation sensing applications.

back button black v05